Zhangjiajie Fact Sheet

Zhangjiajie City is one of the most amazing tourist cities in the world. Here are some interesting facts about this great city!

Name

Zhangjiajie, simplified Chinese: 张家界, pinyin: Zhāngjiājiè. It was orriginally known as Dayong. The city had been given the name of Zhangjiajie after the name of a small village located within its bounds. The three-character name (张家界) can be interpreted as follows: "Zhang" (张) is a common surname in China; "jia" (家) can be translated as "family"; and "jie" (界) can be translated as "homeland", giving the completed translation of "Zhang family homeland." It has been reported that at least one tourist guide has said that the name may have been chosen to convey the idea or impression of "Open the family door to welcome the world" (张开家门引进世界), but this is not the locally-accepted and directly translated meaning of the name. The official version of its name is linked to a Han general, Zhang Liang, who resettled in the area after a suspicious Liu Bang, the Han emperor, started to persecute his staffs and generals who had contributed to his becoming emperor. It was so named to signify that the Zhang family had set up home there. 

Location

The city of Zhangjiajie is situated at the northwestern corner of Hunan Province, relatively close to the borders with Hubei Province and Chongqing Municipality.

Elevation

The average elevation of Zhangjiajie City is 183 m

Terrains

Zhangjiajie City features a variety of different terrains including: mountainous regions, upland areas, plains, and Karst rock areas. 

Area and Population 

The city covers an area of 9,653 square kilometers and has a large population of 1.67 million (2010 census), 75% of whom belong to the Tujia, Bai and Miao ethnic groups, the rest of whom belong to Han and other ethnic groups.

Administrative Division

Zhangjiajie is a prefecture-level city consisting of Yongding and Wulingyuan Districts, Cili and Sangzhi counties. Wulingyuan District, also called Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area.

History 

Zhangjiajie has a very long history, for more info about the history of Zhangjiajie please click to see the Zhangjiajie History Timeline. 

Main Tourist Attractions 

Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, Tianmen Mountain National Forest Park, Yellow Dragon Cave, Suoxi Valley Nature Reserve, Tianzi Mountain Nature Reserve 

Souvenirs and Local Products 

Xilan Kapu (a local Brocade), ethnic souvenirs, Eucommia ulmoides Oliver, areolate colored stones, kiwi fruit, chestnuts, hazelnuts, arrowroot, local green teas (Qingyan, Mingcui, Maofeng), Chinese painting and calligraphy etc.  

Local Food 

Ethnic food, such as Sanxiaguo (a kind of Tujia ethnic hotpot), Sour and Salted Fish, Loach Entered into Bean Curd etc. 

Shopping Streets

Renmin Square Commercial Walking Street, Tianzi Commercial Street

Climate 

The area has a humid subtropical climate that varies depending on elevation. There are four distinct seasons.

Spring (March - May): average temperature of March is 5.8℃, average temperature of April is 11.4℃, average temperature of May is 16.1℃.

Summer (June - August): average temperature of June is 19.7℃, average temperature of July is 23.3℃, average temperature of Auguar is 22.2℃.

Autumn (September - November): average temperature of September is 17.9℃, average temperature of October is 13.9℃, average temperature of November is 8.7℃.

Winter (December, January, February): average temperature of December is 3.4℃, average temperature of January is 0.7℃, average temperature of February is 1.3℃. 

Transport

Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport is a domestic airport about 4 km from the city center. 

The Zhangjiajie Railway Station is the main station and is 12 km from the city center.

The Zhangjiajie Bus Station is located nearby the Zhangjiajie Railway Station.

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