First Emperor of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum Xian
Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum is located at the foot of Mountain LiShan, east of Xi'an. It is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BC and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his afterlife. Qin Shi Huang, his name was Yingzheng, he came to the throne at the age of 13 and seized the power at the age of 22. When he was only 39 years old, he had annexed all the six independent states and established the first centralized autocratic feudal empire in the long history of China.
The figures, dating from around the late third century BC, were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province. The figures vary in height according to their roles, with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Current estimates are that in the three pits containing the Terracotta Army there were over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which are still buried in the pits near by Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were also found in other pits and they include officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians.